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Garchuk Lachit Garh Fort

Garchuk Lachit Garh (meaning 'fort' in Assamese), now commonly known as Lachit Garh, is located in south-western part of Guwahati, west of Ahom Gaon. Guwahati has been the capital city of Assam from the times of Ahom Kingdom. Today, Lachit Garh is a significant tourist attraction.

History of Garchuk Lachit Garh Fort

The fort was constructed around 1670, under the Ahom rule in the times of legendary Lachit Borphukan, and stretches from Fatasil Hills in the north at Garchuk, cutting across the National Highway (N.H.)-37 at Garchuk Charali, via Pamahi and Moinakhurung to the hills in the south. The fortifications that are stretching for about 3 kms were built to deter the Mughal cavalry during ongoing invasions of the Mughal army in the times when Emperor Aurangzeb was on the throne of Delhi.

King Chakradhwaj Singha designated Lachit Borphukan, general of the Ahom army, to lead the forces of the Ahom Kingdom to liberate Guwahati from Mughal occupation. The King presented Lachit with a gold-hafted sword (Hengdang) and the customary paraphernalia of distinction. Lachit mobilised the army and completed the preparations by the summer of 1667. Lachit recovered Guwahati from the Mughals and successfully defended it against the Mughal forces during the Battle of Saraighat. (more in the History section)

The fort as we see it today

The 24th of November is celebrated as Lachit Divas (Lachit Day) in Assam to commemorate the heroism of Lachit Borphukan and the victory of the Assamese army at the Battle of Saraighat. For this occasion, Lachit Garh is beautifully decorated. Otherwise, though the fort is under the conservation of the Archaeological Survey of India, its bastions and barracks still require much work so as to uphold the glory and legacy of the Ahom Kingdom and Lachit Borphukan.

Tourist Information

The fort is open for visitors from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., though currently it is temporarily closed because of the pandemic and restoration works. Guwahati, the largest city of Assam state, is well connected with the rest of India by air, rail, and road.

Text by Sammik C Basuu